A nosebleed happens when one or more of the many small blood vessels in your nose break. There are two types of nosebleeds. Anterior nosebleeds are the most common. They start in the front of the nose and cause blood to flow out through the nostrils. Posterior nosebleeds, which are much less common, start in the back of the nose. They cause blood to flow into the throat and may cause choking.A nosebleed happens when one or more of the many small blood vessels in your nose break.
Common causes of nosebleed include :
- Nasal Dryness – Dry nasal membranes are more susceptible to irritation and rupture.
- Nasal Irritation – Nose picking, blowing or rubbing (often in connection with allergies).
- Foreign Bodies – A toy or piece of food lodged in the nose.
Treatment of nosebleeds :
- Tilt head forward and apply pressure to the nostrils : Do not tilt your head backward as this may cause blood to drain to the throat.
- Gently pack the nasal chambers with gauze or cotton balls : This controls the bleeding and promoted clot formation.
Prevention of nosebleeds :
- Place a humidifier in your room.
- Use a salt water nasal spray at least three times a day.
- Apply antibiotic ointment to each nostril with a cotton bud every morning and night, focusing on the septum (about half an inch away from the tip of the nostril).
Most nosebleeds are harmless, but sometimes frequent nosebleeds may mean something more serious. If you’re taking the precautions listed above to keep your nose moist and you’re still getting nosebleeds, talk with your doctor to find out why.