Daily Dose of Bhagavad Gita

Chapter 2: Contents of the Gita Summarized


antavanta ime deha
nityasyoktah saririnah
anasino ‘prameyasya
tasmad yudhyasva bharata

Chapter 2 Verse 18-19


Only the material body of the indestructible, immeasurable and eternal living entity is subject to destruction; therefore, fight, O descendant of Bharata.


The material body is perishable by nature. It may perish immediately, or it may do so after a hundred years. It is a question of time only. There is no chance of maintaining it indefinitely. But the spirit soul is so minute that it cannot even be seen by an enemy, to say nothing of being killed. As mentioned in the previous verse, it is so small that no one can have any idea how to measure its dimension. So from both viewpoints there is no cause of lamentation because the living entity can neither be killed as he is, nor can the material body, which cannot be saved for any length of time, be permanently protected. The minute particle of the whole spirit acquires this material body according to his work, and therefore observance of religious principles should be utilized. In the Vedanta-sutras the living entity is qualified as light because he is part and parcel of the supreme light. As sunlight maintains the entire universe, so the light of the soul maintains this material body. As soon as the spirit soul is out of this material body, the body begins to decompose; therefore it is the spirit soul which maintains this body. The body itself is unimportant. Arjuna was advised to fight and sacrifice the material body for the cause of religion.


ya enam vetti hantaram
yas cainam manyate hatam
ubhau tau na vijanito
nayam hanti na hanyate


He who thinks that the living entity is the slayer or that he is slain, does not understand. One who is in knowledge knows that the self slays not nor is slain.


When an embodied living entity is hurt by fatal weapons, it is to be known that the living entity within the body is not killed. The spirit soul is so small that it is impossible to kill him by any material weapon, as is evident from the previous verses. Nor is the living entity killable because of his spiritual constitution. What is killed, or is supposed to be killed, is the body only. This, however, does not at all encourage killing of the body. The Vedic injunction is, “mahimsyat sarva-bhutani” never commit violence to anyone. Nor does understanding that the living entity is not killed encourage animal slaughter. Killing the body of anyone without authority is abominable and is punishable by the law of the state as well as by the law of the Lord. Arjuna, however, is being engaged in killing for the principle of religion, and not whimsically.

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3 Comments Add yours

  1. Love your posts on the Gita and its various chapters, totally up my street and I am fully on board with vedic wisdom. You ever read the stuff before the Bhagavad-Gita? The shiv purana for example or the rig veda? Shiv purana gives you dictated all methods of Yoga possible as he is the adiyogi, plus the rig vedas is kinda like the jewish rabbi books on tips on living well. The rig veda is great for Ayurvedic lifestyle tips, thought you might be interested or already know and tell me something I dont lol. Win win!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. GS says:

      I am currently reading complete works of Swami Vivekananda


      1. Cool I haven’t come across his body of work yet. I found shiva purana being most valuable at first as the first teacher and yogi of the Vedas the amount of practical stuff in it that can change anybodys life is amazing. Some is a little hard to read but im sure your used to the Indian style super descriptive style by now lol. Do you study the books or do you also practise any kind of sadhana? I do mantra, pranayama, mudras and a few spine stretching hatha poses mostly but will check out the person you mentioned and see what I can learn. Thanks for that 🙂

        Liked by 1 person

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