Daily Dose of Bhagavad Gita

Chapter 2: Contents of the Gita Summarized


na jayate mriyate va kadacin
nayam bhutva bhavita va na bhuyah
ajo nityah sasvato ‘yam purano
na hanyate hanyamane sarire

Chapter 2 Verse 20


For the soul there is never birth nor death. Nor, having once been, does he ever cease to be. He is unborn, eternal, ever-existing, undying and primeval. He is not slain when the body is slain.


Qualitatively, the small atomic fragmental part of the Supreme Spirit is one with the Supreme. He undergoes no changes like the body. Sometimes the soul is called the steady, or kutastha. The body is subject to six kinds of transformations. It takes its birth in the womb of the mother’s body, remains for some time, grows, produces some effects, gradually dwindles, and at last vanishes into oblivion. The soul, however, does not go through such changes. The soul is not born, but, because he takes on a material body, the body takes its birth. The soul does not take birth there, and the soul does not die. Anything which has birth also has death. And because the soul has no birth, he therefore has no past, present or future. He is eternal, ever-existing, and primeval—that is, there is no trace in history of his coming into being. Under the impression of the body, we seek the history of birth, etc., of the soul. The soul does not at any time become old, as the body does. The so-called old man, therefore, feels himself to be in the same spirit as in his childhood or youth. The changes of the body do not affect the soul. The soul does not deteriorate like a tree, nor anything material. The soul has no by-product either. The by-products of the body, namely children, are also different individual souls; and, owing to the body, they appear as children of a particular man. The body develops because of the soul’s presence, but the soul has neither offshoots nor change. Therefore, the soul is free from the six changes of the body.

In the Katha Upanisad also we find a similar passage which reads:

na jayate mriyate va vipascin
nayam kutascin na vibhuva kascit
ajo nityah sasvato ‘yam purano
na hanyate hanyamane sarire.

(Katha 1.2.18)

The meaning and purport of this verse is the same as in the Bhagavad-gita, but here in this verse there is one special word, vipascit, which means learned or with knowledge.

The soul is full of knowledge, or full always with consciousness. Therefore, consciousness is the symptom of the soul. Even if one does not find the soul within the heart, where he is situated, one can still understand the presence of the soul simply by the presence of consciousness. Sometimes we do not find the sun in the sky owing to clouds, or for some other reason, but the light of the sun is always there, and we are convinced that it is therefore daytime. As soon as there is a little light in the sky early in the morning, we can understand that the sun is in the sky. Similarly, since there is some consciousness in all bodies—whether man or animal—we can understand the presence of the soul. This consciousness of the soul is, however, different from the consciousness of the Supreme because the supreme consciousness is all-knowledge—past, present and future. The consciousness of the individual soul is prone to be forgetful. When he is forgetful of his real nature, he obtains education and enlightenment from the superior lessons of Krsna. But Krsna is not like the forgetful soul. If so, Krsna’s teachings of Bhagavad-gita would be useless.

There are two kinds of souls—namely the minute particle soul (anu-atma) and the Supersoul (the vibhu-atma). This is also confirmed in the Katha Upanisad in this way:

anor aniyan mahato mahiyan
atmasya jantor nihito guhayam
tam akratuh pasyati vita-soko
dhatuh prasadan mahimanam atmanah

(Katha 1.2.20)

“Both the Supersoul [Paramatma] and the atomic soul [jivatma] are situated on the same tree of the body within the same heart of the living being, and only one who has become free from all material desires as well as lamentations can, by the grace of the Supreme, understand the glories of the soul.” Krsna is the fountainhead of the Supersoul also, as it will be disclosed in the following chapters, and Arjuna is the atomic soul, forgetful of his real nature; therefore he requires to be enlightened by Krsna, or by His bona fide representative (the spiritual master).

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11 Comments Add yours

  1. I love this. I so understand my bible through this. I’m a Christian but I find a lot of similarities in this

    Liked by 1 person

    1. GS says:

      The similarities in the Holy Scriptures of different religions in the world are natural because great thinkers and seers, born in different ages, see the truth through their intuition, in the same manner and so their language and thought coincides. Do follow the YouTube channel where I post one video everyday narrating few verses


      1. Thank you. What’s your YouTube channel’s name?

        Liked by 1 person

  2. Lori says:

    This is fascinating to read. I’m not Hindu, but I find this so similar to my own faith. I don’t consider myself a part of any religion, but practice my own understanding of Christ outside of Christianity. Like I said, so similar to what I believe from my own faith.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. GS says:

      Great. There are several similarities in expression and meaning between Bhagavad Gita and New Testament. Quite often Bhagavad Gita is spoken as the Bible of the Hindus. A book called “The Unknown Life of Christ” published in the 19th century indicates that Jesus had spent his life in the Himalayas where he might have come in contact with Buddhists and Hindu Saints. Would you like to read more about Bhagavad Gita?

      Liked by 1 person

      1. Lori says:

        I actually have the Bhagavad Gita on my bookshelf. I like reading your descriptions which helps me understand better. I’ve read about many of the world’s religions when I was seeking to understand Christ better than what I was told to believe by others. During that time, I also had heard the legend that Jesus might’ve traveled to the east and studied with Buddhists and Hindus. There is very little written about his life before the age of thirty, so it’s very possible.

        Liked by 1 person

      2. GS says:


        Liked by 1 person

    1. GS says:

      Thank you for sharing my post


  3. Samnessofself says:

    In my experience the soul is not necessary for consciousness at all, the soul infact can be out of the body, and one can still be conscious. This is backed up by Jesus Christ, who says what would a man gain if he would forfeit his soul to gain the world. What you refer to as soul, is infact the world. The world is the changeful thing that is fading with desire. Here comes my contemplation the ‘soul’ and the word Atman, are two different things. I can verify that one can be in the possession or not in the possession of ones soul as I have the awareness of when this is, as ‘that’ the imperishable Atman. The soul being full with knowledge is something that I read here that I did not contemplate, but this is true to as I have the awareness of that. Knowledge passes away when we enter the little children phase of the movements of consciousness. I don’t think the soul is full of consciousness at all, that is the Christ in the third eye, and we know the soul can actually travel from the third eye into the liver etc around the body from yoga. But this is great to see people contemplating writing about these topics! Keep it up.

    Liked by 1 person

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