- Mindfulness is the cultivation of present time awareness and the recognition of the dhammas in our experience.
- Common practice include mindfulness of breath, body scans, and open awareness practice.
- The Buddha gave many teachings on mindfulness, with the most famous being the Satipatthana, or Foundations of Mindfulness.
- Mindfulness is not just being present. It involves a recognition of experience and it is causing suffering or liberation.
- Concentration is the cultivation of a collected mind which can focus on an object of awareness.
- Most often cultivated through the practice of watching the breath, but may also be cultivated in metta practice.
- Concentration takes time. With concentration meditation, we continue to bring the mind back when it wanders, recognising that this is how we build the ability to collect the mind.
- Metta – Loving kindness or gentle friendliness, the quality of caring for the wellbeing of beings.
- Karuna – Compassion, the quality of responding to pain and suffering with a tender and caring awareness.
- Mudita – Appreciative joy, the quality of meeting the joy of others with appreciation rather than envy.
- Upekkha – Equanimity, the quality of meeting experience with a strong and stable mind and heart.
- The heart practices, or brahma-viharas, are four qualities often cultivated in dedicated periods of meditation. We can also being these qualities to other practices like concentration and mindfulness.