Ways in which trauma affects people
Some of the most common reactions to trauma are listed here and few we will discuss in tomorrow’s post. These reactions are often linked to one another, one may lead to another. It is not your fault if you are experiencing (or not experiencing) any of these.
- Increased Arousal (“hyper-arousal”) – Fear and anxiety are natural (and helpful) responses to dangerous situations. These feelings often last for a long time after the trauma is over. You might find that reminders of the trauma trigger feelings of anxiety, or it might feel as though anxiety occurs out of the blue. You might feel jumpy, jittery, or find it hard to concentrate. Your sleep may be affected leaving you exhausted and restlessness. Physically you might feel nauseous, fatigued, have headaches, or your appetite might be affected.
- Avoidance – Avoidance is a normal human way of managing pain and upset. Many people find themselves avoiding people, places, or situations that remind them of what happened. You might find yourself trying to avoid having certain thoughts or feelings. Some people might find that they “zone out” at certain times, which can be the mind’s way of avoiding strong feelings.
- Changes in Beliefs – Traumatic events can lead to big changes in how we view the world, or ourselves. This is especially true if you have had bad experiences at other time. Some common changes in the way we think can include :
– Finding the world a more threatening place.
– Blaming ourselves for what happened.
– Finding it hard to trust other people, this is especially common if people have hurt us, and can impact our relationships.
– Not seeing the point in life or struggling to find meaningful.
– Worry that we are using control or going crazy.
Come back tomorrow for more on trauma.