What you can do
- Be aware of substances you have at home. Lock up alcohol, prescriptions and other substances. Keep them out of site. Educate yourself about what everyday things kids misuse at home. Look for things that go missing or end up in your trash.
- Pay attention to your family history and personal situation. If there’s a family member with a substance use disorder or mental health issue, talk to your family doctor and all family members. Ask doctors about pain medicines you’re worried about. Keep an eye out for behavior changes.
- Talk with your whole family about the dangers of a substance use disorder. Be truthful and open with kids and teens; keep talking about it. Brainstorm situations showing how to say no to peer pressure. Share if there’s any reason they might be more vulnerable to substance use disorder or addiction.
- Be active in your kids’ lives. Set clear rules. Walk the talk. Attend school events. Stay involved. Show you care, but let your loved ones know your limits are firm. What they see you do affects their decisions. Show them different ways to cope and express emotions.
What to look for :
- Different behavior for no real reason — withdrawn, hostile, depressed, always tired
- Different set of friends
- Missing classes or declining grades
- No interest in school activities
- Changes in eating or sleeping habits
- Escalating problems in relationships with friends and family
Reference : https://file.anthem.com/106489ANMENABS.pdf