Creatine is a nitrogenous organic compound that is chemically known as methylguanidino acetic acid. The name Creatine comes from the Greek Language “Kreas”, meaning “Flesh”. Creatine was discovered in 1832 by scientist Michel Chevreul. The body is able to produce half its requirements of Creatine, whereas the other half comes from the diet. It is thought we naturally contain 2g of Creatine per kilogram of muscle.
Creatine was made popular by 1992 GB Olympic Champions Linford Christie and Sally Gunnel who reportedly took Creatine on the run up to the Olympics. According to declaration reports over 80% of athletes at the 1996 Olympic Games had used Creatine.
Here are a few health benefits of Creatine :
- Studies have shown that Creatine consumption positively correlated with power output, and ability to put on lean weight. Short term use of Creatine is thought to improve power by up to 15%.
- A 2001 study found that chidden as young as 10 were regularly consuming Creatine. However, they argued that drinking Creatine is much healthier than drinking a sugar sweetened beverage (cola/ lemonade) and Creatine is a natural product.
- Creatine is used to bulk muscle and help to build muscle. Creatine is hydrophilic so draws water into the muscles causing them to bulk. To put on muscle mass and not just water weight you must combine Creatine with exercise.
Creatine can be found in food such as meat, fish and dairy. These foods contain amino acids arginine, glycine and methionine needed to create Creatine.