Keto is short for ketogenic, a very low carb, moderate protein and high fat diet. The goal of a keto diet is to lead to ketosis, where your body uses fat (no carbs) for fuel.
When carbs are reduced to <50g/day, insulin is low. Your liver produces molecules called ketones. After 2-3 weeks, your cells become keto-adapted, using ketones and fat for fuel.
Keto diet has been said to be effective for diabetes. Not only does the nutrient value has less glucose coming in, your body becomes more sensitive to it, and systemic insulin resistance is reduced over time. Studies how that a keto diet can even reverse diabetes in some cases.
Although a high fat diet, ketogenic programs also show a reduction in total cholesterol reduction. In a study, not only did fasting blood sugar fall 51%, but total cholesterol fell 29% and LDL cholesterol fell 33%.
Keto requires a specific balance of carbs, fat and protein. You’ll need to follow the plan carefully, but there’s a lot to eat. Meat, diary, green vegetables, nuts, seeds and more. If you’re on any medication, check with your doctor to make sure no changes are needed.