Having diabetes means you’re at much greater risk of developing foot problems. This is because raised blood glucose, also known as blood sugar, can damage the sensation in your feet. It can also affect your circulation, which can lead to you getting less blood supply to your feet. Without a good blood supply you may have problems with cuts and sores healing. You may also get cramps and pain in your legs or feet. If you don’t get these problems treated, they could lead to foot ulcers, infections and, at worst, amputations. Most foot problems can be prevented with good, regular foot care.
Here are some Do’s and Don’t for Diabetic foot :
- Inspect your feet daily, including the bottoms, for cuts, blisters, redness, swelling or nail problems.
- Regularly moisturize your feet to avoid itching or cracking.
- Get periodic foot exams from a foot exams from a foot and ankle surgeon to prevent complications, they can reduce the risk of amputation by 45-85 percent.
- Keep the blood flowing to your feet, wiggle your toes and move your ankles for 5 minutes, 2-3 times a day.
- Shake out your shoes and feel for objects inside before wearing; you may not feel a small foreign object when your shoe is on your foot.
- Maintain healthy blood sugar levels, out of control blood sugar levels can lead to nerve cell damage.
- Never use heating pads, hot water bottles or electric blankets, you can easily burn your feet without noticing.
- Don’t put your feet in hot water test with your hand first.
- Don’t try to remove corns and calluses, visit your foot and ankle surgeon for appropriate treatment.
- Don’t wear tight, elastic or think, bulky socks.
- Don’t let your feet get wet in snow or rain, wear warm socks and waterproof shoes in the winter.
- Don’t walk barefoot, even at home! You can easily get a scratch or cut.