Anemia is a blood disorder. In anemia, your body doesn’t have enough red
blood cells (RBCs). RBCs are one of the three main types of blood cells. They contain hemoglobin, a protein that carries oxygen throughout your body. When you don’t have enough RBCs or the amount of hemoglobin in your blood is low, your body doesn’t get all the oxygen it needs. As a result, you may feel tired or have other symptoms.
The first step to avoid any grave complications is to be aware of the symptoms of iron deficiency anemia :
- Fatigue – When you don’t have enough healthy blood cells, you start to feel tired.
- Difficulty Focusing – Neurotransmitter synthesis may be altered in people with an iron deficiency, leading to lower than normal.
- Crazy-Sore Muscles – Not having enough iron deprives your muscles of their ability to recover properly, leading to aching muscles.
- Apathy – Apathy towards anything and everything, friends, family, work.
- Brittle Nails – Another way your tips can tip you off to a possible iron deficiency is a concave or spoon shaped depression in the nails.
- Unusually Pale Skin – A washed out appearance can be caused by reduced blood flow and decreased number of red blood cells.
- Pink or Red Urine – People with an iron deficiency and is caused by increases intestinal absorption of certain pigments.
- Frequent Infections – If you get sick often, particularly if you’re always suffering from respiratory illnesses, iron deficiency might be the culprit.
- Trouble Doing Your Normal Workout – Low iron levels can cause your endurance to suffer.
- Breathlessness – Without enough iron in the blood, the body becomes starved for oxygen.
Visit your doctor if you develop signs or symptoms of anemia. If you’re diagnosed with anemia, follow your doctor’s advice about diet, supplements, medicines, and other treatment methods. Visit your doctor regularly for checkups and ongoing care, and tell him or her about any new or changing symptoms. Older children and teens who have severe anemia may have an increased risk for injury or infection. Talk with your doctor about ways to keep them as healthy as possible and whether they need to avoid certain activities.