Intoxication can have a number of effects on a person, particularly on the brain, as it is very sensitive to alcohol. Treatment for alcoholism is sometimes necessary for people addicted to this substance. Alcohol has nearly immediate effects on the body. The reason for this is that it requires no digestion, unlike other foods. The higher the blood alcohol content is in the body, the greater the effects of alcohol.
Here are varying degrees of intoxication. We calculate the amount of intoxication by BAC – Blood Alcohol Concentration. Blood alcohol content (BAC) is the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream. If someone were to have a BAC of .10, this would mean that one-tenth of 1% of the blood in their body is alcohol. The more alcohol a person consumes the more intoxicated and impaired they become. Over time, if alcohol use is frequent, addiction can result. In these cases, alcohol treatment rehab is often needed. So here are your types of drunks :
- Euphoria (BAC : 0.03-0.12) – People become more self confident or daring. Their attention span shortens. They may look flushed. Their judgement is not as good, they may say the first thought that comes to mind, rather than an appropriate comment for the given situation. They have trouble with fine movements.
- Excitement (BAC 0.09-0.25) – People become sleepy. They have trouble understanding or remembering things (even recent events). They do not react to situations as quickly (if they spill a drink they may just stare at it). Their body movements are uncoordinated. They begin to lose their balance easily. Their vision becomes blurry. They may have trouble sensing things (hearing, tasting, feeling etc).
- Confusion (BAC 0.18-0.30) – People are confused. They might not know where they are or what they are doing. They are dizzy and may stagger. They may be highly emotional, aggressive, withdrawn or overly affectionate. They cannot see clearly. They are sleepy. They have slurred speech. They have uncoordinated movements (trouble catching an object thrown at them). They may not feel pain as readily as a sober person.
- Stupor (BAC 0.25-0.40) – They can barely move at all. They cannot respond stimuli. They cannot stand or walk. They may vomit. They may lapse in and out of consciousness.
- Coma (BAC 0.35-0.5) – They are unconscious. Their reflexes are depressed (i.e their pupils do not respond appropriately to changes in light). They feel cool (lower than normal body temperature). Their breathing is slower and shallower. Their heart rate may slow.
- Death (BAC more than 0.50) – The person usually stops breathing and dies.
Getting professional medical help is necessary in situations of extreme alcohol intoxication. That’s because paramedics, physicians, and other medical staff can administer certain treatments to help mitigate the effects of intoxication.