Bipolar Disorders

Bipolar disorders are a group of brain disorders that cause extreme changes in mood, energy and the ability to function.

There are 3 types of bipolar disorder :

  • Bipolar Disorder Type 1 – People with Bipolar disorder type 1 have had at least one manic episode and periods of major depression.
  • Bipolar Disorder Type 2 – People with Bipolar disorder type 2 have never had full mania. They experience hypomania (a mild form of mania) and major depressive episodes.
  • Cyclothymia – In cyclothymia, there are, for at least two years, hypomania and mild depression, which are never severe enough to be classified as a full maniac and depressive disorder.

The exact cause of bipolar is not known, but it may be a combination of biochemical, genetic and psychological factors.

Symptoms – Depending on the clinical characteristics. Bipolar disorder is sub classified as Bipolar disorder – depression, Bipolar disorder – mania & Bipolar disorder – mixed. The essential characteristics is one or more manic (or hypomanic) episodes.

Symptoms of Manic Episode include :

  • Increased energy, activity and restlessness.
  • Excessively high, euphoric mood.
  • Extreme irritability
  • Spending sprees.
  • Little sleep needed
  • Racing thoughts, rapid speech
  • Inflated self esteem
  • Bing eating, drinking and/or drug use

Symptoms of Depressive Episode include :

  • Persistent depressed mood, most of the day, almost every day
  • Decreased interest and pleasure in almost all activities
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia (too little or too much sleep)
  • Tiredness, listlessness, restlessness or irritability.
  • Feelings of worthlessness, self reproach
  • Concentration impairment
  • Recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal ideas

Treatment – Bipolar disorder requires long term treatment, since it is a chronic, relapsing illness, The most effective treatment plan includes a combination of medication, psychotherapy, lifestyle changes and social support. Psychotherapy used to treat Bipolar disorder includes Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Family Focused Therapy. Psychotherapy may help you gain self insight, change negative thoughts and feelings, and learn new behaviours and coping strategies. Talking about your emotions with a trained professional can help reduce symptoms.

Diagnosis of this disorder can be tricky and medication should be monitored closely by a psychiatrist. Medication is used to stabilise the extreme mood swings of mania and depression.

Reference : http://www.safmh.org.za/documents/fact-sheets/Bipolar%20and%20related%20disorders%20-%20Bipolar%20II%20disorder%20.pdf

14 Comments Add yours

  1. Gonzov krik iz getribe autizma says:

    Steady and balanced flow of dopamin increases the ability to cope with black episodes.Sports are perfect remedy. It also helps to diffuse all the excess energy accumulated during manic episodes.A good friend is right next to that.A shoulder to lean on. No matter what. Psycho babble rarrely helps unless they medicate the patient. Knumbing a human is never a good option. Not in my book anyway.
    You really pick good subjects to write about. Thank you for that.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Garima says:

      Thank you for always stopping by and leaving a comment. You are right, Endorphins are only one of many neurotransmitters released when you exercise. Physical activity also stimulates the release of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. These brain chemicals play an important part in regulating your mood.

      Liked by 4 people

      1. Gonzov krik iz getribe autizma says:

        I don’t usually comment unless it’s the subject done right so thank you for writing about things that matter.

        Liked by 3 people

      2. Garima says:

        Thank you again.

        Liked by 1 person

  2. Milena Alien says:

    In some countries it’s not diagnosed but people suffer from it. It’s more or less severe and maybe a different kind of mental illness but I guess a member of my family has it. It seems like the illness progresses with time as the situation isn’t getting any better. I wish there was a system in place to address this kind of problems

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Garima says:

      Ah Yes I agree with you that there is indeed a lack of awareness about common mental health disorders. Even if there is awareness, people are scared to seek help from the right people. Hope the public health policies will eventually win. It is going to be a slow win.

      Liked by 1 person

  3. As a person who has suffered severely from Bipolar Disorder Type I for over thirty years, I appreciate your post with its accuracy. Thanks!

    Liked by 1 person

  4. judeitakali says:

    Thank you, thank you for this Garima

    Liked by 1 person

  5. judeitakali says:

    Thank you thank you for this Garima

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Garima says:

      I am glad you found it helpful Jude.

      Liked by 1 person

  6. Hlw I saw about Bipolar Disorder you have posted it’s very appriciable , I am Clinical Psychologist, there is only two types of bipolar disorder as per DSM-5, cyclothymia and dysthymia are separate , in ICD-10 WHO reference bipolar disorder is categoriesed in mood disorder.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Garima says:

      That’s great information Geeta. Thank you for sharing.

      Liked by 1 person

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