What is Crohn’s Disease?
Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IT causes inflammation of the lining of your digestive tract, which can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss and malnutrition. Inflammation caused by Crohn’s disease can involve different areas of the digestive tract in different people.
Whats are the symptoms of Crohn’s Disease?
- Inflammation may develop anywhere in the GI tract from the mouth to the anus.
- Most commonly occurs at the end of the small intestine.
- May appear in patches.
- May extend through entire thickness of bowel wall.
- About 67% of people in remission will have at least 1 relapse over the next 5 years.
What are the causes of Crohn’s Disease?
Although the exact causes are unknown, researchers believe Crohn’s disease is caused by a combination of factors involving genetics, the environment, and an overactive immune system. It is not caused by something you ate.
How is Crohn’s Disease diagnosed?
Your doctor will initially arrange blood tests to help find the diagnosis. You may also be asked to provide stool samples for analysis to see if there is an infection in your gut . A stool sample may also be sent to measure a protein called calprotectin, which can be used to see whether it is likely that you have Crohn’s disease. Depending upon the symptoms other invasive tests such as colonoscopy may also be done.