Ever since Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky formalized the concept of cognitive bias in 1972, most empirical evidence has given credence to the claim that our brain is incapable of improving our decision-making abilities. Cognitive biases or the tendency to think in certain ways that lead to systematic devotions from a standard rationality or good judgement, colour almost every aspect of our daily lives.
Here are 10 learning biasis :
- Confirmation Bias – The tendency to easily accept information that confirms your point of view and reject information that does not support it.
- Anchoring Bias – The tendency to place excessive weight or importance on one piece of information, often the first piece of information you learned about a topic.
- Dunning – Kruger Effect – The tendency for incompetent people to overestimate their competence, and very competent people to underestimate their competence.
- Curse of Knowledge Bias – When well informed people are unable to look at an issue from the perspective of a less informed person.
- Functional Fixedness – This bias limits a person to utilising an object or idea in only the way it is traditionally used.
- Mere Exposure Effect – The tendency to like something just because you are familiar with it.
- Not Invented Here Bias – The tendency to discount information, ideas, standards, or products developed outside of a certain group.
- Reactance – The urge to do the opposite of what you are asked to do in order to preserve your freedom of choice.
- Status Quo Bias – The tendency to want things to stay relatively the same as they have always been.
- System Justification Bias – The tendency to try to actively maintain the status quo.